Vitamins are compounds that are needed in small amounts by the body but are involved in a large number of chemical reactions. His research and discovery led him, along with English biochemist Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins, to propose the vitamin hypothesis of deficiency, which stated that certain diseases, such as scurvy or rickets, are caused by dietary deficiencies and can be avoided by taking vitamins.
And what I found really funny was, if you consider some of the other suggestions of the time—people were saying, Oh, we shouldn’t call it a vitamin, we should call it a food hormone, or a food accessory factor.” It’s just funny to think about how our attitude towards these 13 unrelated dietary chemicals would be different if we called them food accessory factors.” You’d never have ad campaigns or parents insisting that their children have their food accessory factors.
Mounting evidence suggests probiotics play a role in keeping the gut healthy and weight down, and even in lowering risk of heart disease, diabetes, and stroke—all of which is especially important around 40 when muscle mass starts to decrease, making it easier to put on weight and develop insulin resistance.
Another study was done in early 2011, by researchers at Columbia University Medical Center in New York; they found that a synthetic, altered form of vitamin A might be able to slow the progression of Stargardt’s disease, an inherited eye disease that causes severe vision loss in young people.
Deficiencies in magnesium have been linked to heart disease, diabetes, and inflammation, Kirkpatrick adds (here are 4 scary things that can happen if you’re not getting enough magnesium ). Plus, it helps the body absorb calcium and plays a role in muscle, nerve, and heart function, as well as blood glucose control.