Integrative Medicine combines conventional western medicine with complementary and alternative therapies As we encourage the body’s innate tendency for healing, we endeavor to expand the conventional definition of healing to include mental, emotional and spiritual aspects. In 2014 the NCCAM was renamed to the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) with a new charter requiring that 12 of the 18 council members shall be selected with a preference to selecting leading representatives of complementary and alternative medicine, 9 of the members must be licensed practitioners of alternative medicine, six members must be general public leaders in the fields of public policy, law, health policy, economics, and management, and 3 members must represent the interests of individual consumers of complementary and alternative medicine.
In General Guidelines for Methodologies on Research and Evaluation of Traditional Medicine, published in 2000 by the World Health Organization (WHO), complementary and alternative medicine were defined as a broad set of health care practices that are not part of that country’s own tradition and are not integrated into the dominant health care system.
In a massage/bodywork session a client can experience modalities such as acupressure, Swedish, Cayce/Reilly, and sports massage techniques, neuromuscular and craniosacral therapy, myofascial release, reflexology, deep tissue, aromatherapy, and Edgar Cayce remedies.
There is no evidence showing they do so, and significant drug interactions caused by alternative therapies may instead negatively influence treatments, making them less effective, notably cancer therapy Despite being illegal to market alternative therapies for cancer treatment in most of the developed world, many cancer patients use them.
Other alternative medicine practices, such as homeopathy , were developed in western Europe and in opposition to western medicine, at a time when western medicine was based on unscientific theories that were dogmatically imposed by western religious authorities.