Using only alternative medicine for cancer linked to lower survival rate. Standardize coding for CAM services: More systematic data collection will allow for consistent tracking of the types of CAM services being offered, their provider types and the conditions for which they are used and will allow better manpower management, a better record for physicians about the other treatments that patients are receiving, and easier data collection for future comparison studies.
Buttressed by increased authority arising from significant advances in the medical sciences of the late 19th century onwards – including development and application of the germ theory of disease by the chemist Louis Pasteur and the surgeon Joseph Lister , of microbiology co-founded by Robert Koch (in 1885 appointed professor of hygiene at the University of Berlin ), and of the use of X-rays ( Röntgen rays )—the 1910 Flexner Report called upon American medical schools to follow the model of the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, and adhere to mainstream science in their teaching and research.
In addition, a Korean study of terminally ill cancer patients assessed the use of CAM on survival and health-related quality of life (HRQOL), finding that CAM did not provide a survival benefit but did negatively impact various measures that go into calculating HRQOL.
In Britain, the most often used alternative therapies were Alexander technique , Aromatherapy , Bach and other flower remedies, Body work therapies including massage, Counseling stress therapies, hypnotherapy , Meditation , Reflexology , Shiatsu , Ayurvedic medicine , Nutritional medicine, and Yoga 254 Ayurvedic medicine remedies are mainly plant based with some use of animal materials.
Dating from the 1970s, medical professionals, sociologists, anthropologists and other commentators noted the increasing visibility of a wide variety of health practices that had neither derived directly from nor been verified by biomedical science 148 Since that time, those who have analyzed this trend have deliberated over the most apt language with which to describe this emergent health field.